The .30-06 Springfield (7.62x63mm) was a powerful rifle cartridge developed by the US Army in 1905 for the Springfield M1903 rifle, which had briefly used the .30-03 round and was rechambered in 1906 for this new ammunition. It was also used in the M1 Garand, the Browning Automatic Rifle, and the M1917 and M1919 Browning machine guns, being massively produced and extensively fired during the Great War, World War II, and Korean War. With the entrance in service of the M14 rifle, it was replaced in the early 1960s by the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge. It consisted of a full-metal-jacket spitzer bullet, and a 2.49″-long rimless case, and has 68.2 grains.

30-06_springfield

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