The AGM-88 HARM is an air-to-surface anti-radar missile designed and manufactured by Texas Instruments. Entering service in 1985, the AGM-88 was first used in combat by the US Navy and US Air Force during the Gulf War (1991), fired from a F-4G Wild Weasel. It was also employed in Kosovo War (1999) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003). “HARM” stands for “High-speed Anti Radiation Missile”. Homing in on electronic transmissions coming from surface-to-air radar systems, the AGM-88 HARM is powered by a Thiokol SR113-TC-1 dual-thrust rocket engine.
Launched from Wild Weasels, this weapon is a key battlefield element, conceived to destroy surface-to-air missile radars, early warning radars, and radar-directed air defense artillery system. With an operational range of 70 miles (110 km), the missile reaches a supersonic speed of 1,450 miles per hour, guided by the enemy radar signals. The AGM-88 is fitted with a WDU-37/B blast-framentation warhead and its detonation mechanism consists of a FMU-111/B laser proximity fuze. Between 2005 and 2009, it was upgraded into the AGM-88E AARGM by the Italian Ministry of Defense and the US State Department, being delivered to the Italian Air Force in 2010.
Type: anti-radiation missile
Length: 4.1 m
Diameter: 25.4 cm
Wingspan: 1.1 m
Weight: 355 kg
Propulsion: Thiokol SR113-TC-1 dual thrust rocket engine
AGM-88 HARM in Action (Video)