Alexander Kerensky was a lawyer, politician, and prime minister of the Russian provisional government after the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II in 1917, during the Russian Revolution. He was born in Simbirsk, Russia, on April 22, 1881, to Fyodor Kerensky, who was the headmaster of a high school, and Nadezhda Adler, a woman of noble descent. In 1904, Alexander graduated as a lawyer from Saint Petersburg University.
In 1912, he was elected to the representative assembly (Duma). Although he was the leader of the Socialist Revolutionary Party in February 1917, Kerensky was a convinced republican who wanted a democratic system for Russia, which was what set him apart from other revolutionary leaders, such a Lenin and Trotsky. However, as a member of the provisional government, he and his party wanted Russia to keep envolved in World War I, a decision which undermined the political and popular support. During the October Revolution orchestrated by Lenin and other Marxist leaders, Kerensky was forced to resign and fled Russia to avoid political persecutions, or execution, if he fell in the hands of the Marxist mobs. He first lived in Paris, France, but finally settled in New York, in the United States of America, where he lived until his death on June 11, 1970.