The Avro Shackleton was a maritime patrol aircraft in service with the Royal Air Force between 1951 and 1990. Developed and built by Avro, the first batch of Shackleton MR.1s were assigned to the British Coastal Command in April 1951. It was first used in combat operations during the Aden Emergency, in the South of the Arabian Peninsula, in the 1960s. In South Africa, it entered service in 1957 and carried out sea lanes patrols around the Cape of Good Hope, being phased out in 1984 as the aircraft fatigue lives had run out.

The Shackleton was a mid-winged aircraft powered by four Rolls-Royce Griffon 57, V12, piston engines, each one delivering 1,960 hp.  For anti-submarine warfare missions, it was fitted with an ASV Mk13 radar, whose radome was moved from the nose to the ventral position in the MR.2 version of the Shackleton. It was also equipped with two sonobuoys. For self-defense, the Shackleton was armed with two 20 mm guns.

Specifications

Type: maritime patrol aircraft

Wingspan: 120 ft (36.58 m)

Length: 87 ft 4 in (26.61 m)

Height: 17 ft 6 in (5.33 m)

Wing area: 1,421 ft2 (132 m2)

Crew: 10

Maximum speed: 300 mph (480 km/h)

Range: 2,250 miles (3,620 km)

Bombload capacity: 10,000 lb

avro-shackleton

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