The Battle of Aachen was a World War II military engagement ferociously fought between US forces, commanded by General Charles H Corlett, and the German LXXXI Corps, under the command of Friedrich Köchling, from October 2 to October 21, 1944, in Aachen (on the Belgian border), Germany. The battle was part of the American drive to punch a hole in the Siegfried Line. The Americans met stiff resistance from the German troops. After 19 days of building-by-building fierce fighting and intense bombing, the American forces were able to take the city of Aachen, the ancient former capital of the Empire of Charlemagne.
US Army: 30th Infantry Division (XIX Corps), 1st Infantry Division (VII Corps), 2nd Armored Division, 9th Infantry Division (XIX Corps), 3rd Armored Division, with a total of 100,000 men.
American Commanders: Charles H Corlett (VII Corps), Leland Hobbs (30th Infantry Division, Clarence R Heubner (1st Infantry Division).
Wehrmacht: LXXXI Corps, which was composed of the 246th and 183rd Volksgrenadier Divisions, and the 12th and 49th Infantry Divisions. These units were reinforced by elements of the 1st SS Division Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler and by elements of the 506th Tank Battalion and 108th Tank Brigade. The German numbered around 20,000 men and 11 tanks.
German commanders: General Friedrich Köchling (LXXXI Corps), Gerhard Wilck (246th Volksgrenadier Division)