Most of the aircraft used in the Battle of Britain were fast, maneuverable fighters, which played an important role in the outcome of this military encounter. It was the first time monoplanes engaged in vicious dogfights as RAF and Luftwaffe aircraft swarmed in the skies over England, the English Channel, and northern France. However, the Germans also employed ground attack and bomber aircraft in an attempt to destroy the RAF air fleet parked in air bases in southern England. The WWII Battle of Britain showed that speed, maneuverability, and range were key elements to win air superiority. The two main opposing fighters that got engaged in fierce duels in the sky were the Luftwaffe’s Messerschmitt Bf 109 and the RAF’s Spitfire, with the German plane being more powerful and the British one more maneuverable.

List of aircraft used

Fighters

Royal Air Force: Supermarine Spitfire, Hawker Hurricane, Bristol Beaufighter, Boulton Paul Defiant

Luftwaffe: Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Bf 110, Heinkel He 112

Attack aircraft

Royal Air Force: Bristol Blenheim

Luftwaffe: Junkers Ju 87 and Ju 88, Dornier Do 215

Bombers

Royal Air Force: Armstrong Whitworth Whitley, Wickers Wellington

Luftwaffe: Dornier Do 17 (light bomber), Heinkel He 111 (medium bomber)

Below a Supermarine Spitfire fighter aircraft

battleofbritain_aircraft

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