Also known as Hill 937, the Battle of Hamburger Hill took place in the A Shau valley, Thua Thien province, South Vietnam, from May 10 to May 20, 1969, during the Vietnam War. It was fought by a combined force of US units and South Vietnamese troops against North Vietnamese forces. The battle was part of Operation Apache Snow, a three-phase military operation carried out in May 1969 in the A Shau Valley by the US troops with the objective of flushing the communist forces out of the valley. It ended with a US/South Vietnamese victory as 700 communist troops got killed when the US forces stormed the Hill 937.
The Vietnamese name on which the Battle of Hamburger Hill was fought was Ap Bia, but it was known to the Americans as Hill 937, simply because this rugged, jungle-covered mountain was 937 m high. The battle was mainly an infantry engagement, with the US Airborne troops moving up the steep-sided hill against well entrenched communist troops. The struggle involved close quarters jungle fighting and several friendly fire incidents. However, after five days of ferocious fighting, the troops from the 101st Airborne Division took the hill through direct assault, causing extensive casualties to the North Vietanamese forces.
US Units that participated in the Battle of Hamburger Hill
The 3rd Battalion, 187th Infantry Regiment of the 101st Airborne Division ( comanded by Lt. Col. Weldon Honeycutt); 2nd Battalion, 501st Infantry (Lt. Col. Robert German); and the 1st Battalion, 506th Infantry (Lt. Col. John Bowers). Two battalions of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam’s (ARVN) 1st Division (the 2/1st and 4/1st) had been temporarily assigned to the 3rd Brigade in support.
101st Division in the A Shau Valley, Vietnam (Video)