The Battle of Neuve Chapelle was a World War I battle that took place from March 10 to March 14, 1915, at the French region of Artois, Northern France. It was fought between British Expeditionary Force (BEF) units, under General John French, and German 6th Army’s five infantry divisions, commanded by Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria, along a 3-mile front, roughly between the towns of Neuve Chapelle and Laventie.
The battle began with a British attack across Artois. On March 10, preceded by intense artillery barrage, about 45,000 British infantry soldiers launched a vicious assault on the German positions at Neuve Chapelle. After fierce fighting, the BEF units could capture the French town as they pushed the Germans back 2 miles. On March 12, elements of the German 6th Army counter-attacked and recovered lost ground. However, the British managed to secure Neuve Chapelle, having gained slightly more than one mile of territory. Both sides sustained a high number of casualties as approximately 11,000 British and 10,000 Germans were killed or wounded.