The Battle of Plataea took place in August 479 BC, during the Greco-Persian Wars. While the Persians, under King Xerxes I, were attempting for the second time to expand their empire’s borders westward, into the Mediterranean area, the Greeks were defending not only their territory, but their lifestyle, and freedom. Thus, it was a fierce military clash between the West and the tyranny of the East.
The Greek city-states organized a 70,000-men army, under Pausanias, to fight against the Persian invading forces, composed of 130,000 troops, commanded by General Mardonius. Despite the overwehlming number of enemy soldiers, the Greeks, most of them Spartans and Athenians, thoroughly defeated the approaching Persians on the plains near the city of Plataea, Greece, in 479 BC. About 40,000 Persians got killed and more than 50,000 wounded and taken prisoners. The reason for the Greek victory was the highly military superiority of the Spartan infantry man over the Persian soldier as he was intensely mentally and physically trained in military warfare since their childhood.
Weapons used by the Greeks:
Offensive: long spear (doru), short sword (xiphos), bow and arrow.
Defensive: shield (hoplon), breastplate (cuirass), and bronze helmet, with cheekplates.