The Battle of Salamis, or Salamina, was a naval battle that took place in September 480 BC, during the Second Greco-Persian War. Xerxes I, son of Darius I, had ordered his generals to invade Greece to avenge his father, who had been thoroughly defeated by the Greeks during the first invasion of this country.

Having defeated a small Greek army of 300 men at Thermopylae in the north, the Persian forces advanced southward and looted the city of Athena as its inhabitants took shelter on the islands of Salamis and Egina. As Xerxes thought he had definitely beaten the Greeks and pulled off his revenge, the Greek fleet, which had withdrawn off the coasts of Euboea island, heading southward, sailed into the Straits of Salamis, to face off the Persian fleet. Although they were heavily outnumbered, the Greek warships totally destroyed the big Persian fleet, which could not maneuver in the narrow waters of the Straits.

Result: outstanding Greek victory

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