The Battle of Voronezh was a WWII military engagement that took place on the Eastern Front. It was fought between the Wehrmacht and the Red Army on the Don River, in the Russian city of Voronezh, from June 28 to July 24, 1942, during Fall Blau (Blue Case), which was a German military operation, whose main objective was the Caucasus oil fields.
On June 28th, 1942, as they advanced southeastward, units of the 4th Panzer Army, under the command of General Hermann Hoth, ran into the 40th Soviet Army on the outskirts of Voronezh. The German tanks pushed through relentlessly as the Russian infantry fell back into the city. A vicious street by street fighting ensued. However, the Soviet defense of Voronezh finally collapsed on July 24 as the Germans were able to fully control the city.
Result: German victory
German forces: Panzerkampfwagen III and IV tanks; Panzerjäger I and Marder II tank destroyers; 8.8-cm Flak AA gun used as an anti-tank weapon; 2-cm Flak 38; 50 and 81mm mortars; MG 34 machine guns.
Soviet Army: T-70 and KV-1 tanks; 76.2mm and 152mm field guns; DShK 12.7mm machine gun; Degtyarev DP 7.62mm machine gun.