The Bay of Pigs Invasion was the Kennedy administration-backed military operation which had as an objective to oust the Castro-led communist regime in Cuba and to establish democracy. It took place from April 17 to April 19, 1961, on Giron Beach, bay of Pigs, during the Cold War. However, this invasion attempt ended in a fiasco, as the CIA-trained Cubans lacked air superiority and artillery support, failing at the same time to rally the local population to their cause for lack of communication support. The other reason for the failing to defeat the communist army was that this anti-Castro force was composed of civilians, who had been poorly trained. As no American military personnel intervened in the invasion attempt, the Cuban exiles in Florida felt they had been betrayed by the Democratic government of John F Kennedy.
This invasion attempt went back to January 1959, when Fidel Castro and his guerrilla army finally made their way into La Habana, the capital of Cuba, as the former dictator, Fulgencio Batista, fled the country. When every Cuban, who had supported Castro "fight against oppression", thought that their great leader would establish democracy by calling general elections, he and Che-Guevera turned their backs on the Cuban people and decided to suspend any election, aligning with the Soviet government of Nikita Khrushchev. The free press was muffled and journalists imprisoned as those who complained or protested against the newly established communist regime were considered traitors of the revolution and sent to prison. Some were executed, but many were able to escape into exile in the United States, hoping that someday they would be able to come back.