Blitzkrieg is a military tactic conceived and developed by the German Army high-ranking officers and successfully applied during the first years of World War II. Essentially, this innovative military tactic consists of a fast and sudden offensive, in which tanks and other armoured vehicles units concentrates their attacks on a small section of the enemy front to tear out gaps in their lines, in coordination with the use of attack aircraft to wipe out enemy artillery positions and other strong points, rendering the enemy unable to react and counterattack. Then, when the enemy front line is broken through at one point, the assault is concentrated on its flanks. The three essential elements of the Blitzkrieg are 1) tanks, which are organized around independent armoured divisions; 2) ground-attack aircraft, to wipe out strong enemy positions; 3) and self-propelled artillery, to provide fire support to the ground troops. Thus, the ground-attack aircraft, or dive bombers, become the flying howitzers that can attack swiftly, suddenly, and deeply behind enemy lines as they hold the surprise element up their sleeves.

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Blitzkrieg is a German word which means “lightning war” and was first used by the German Army in World War II. Designed to hit hard and move on instantly, Blitzkrieg is based on speed, surprise, co-ordination and movement, using fast tanks and supported by planes and mechanized infantry units. This tactic is based on Heinz Guderian’s idea of a swift armoured offensive; this German army officer had written a military book which was called “Achtung Panzer,” which got into the hands of Hitler. Having spent four years fighting a static war, Adolf Hitler was spellbound. Guderian told him that he could get to the French coasts in a matter of weeks if they attacked France following the Blitzkrieg tactic, which was summarized by Guderian as “Nicht kleckern, klotzen!,” “Don’t fiddle, hit hard.” In the Blitzkrieg, the Germans referred to a “Schwerpunkt” or focal point, which was a center of gravity upon which all the effort was concentrated, using mechanized ground troops, armored vehicles, and planes.

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In Blitzkrieg, a specific target is selected. Then, bombers are sent to soften up the enemy terrain, destroying rail lines and communication centers. This was done in World War II when the German tanks were closing in on the Schwerepunkt and the planes withdrew at the last minute. In this way the enemy did not have time to recover as they were smashed by tanks and infantry.In Blitzkrieg, a specific target is selected. Then, bombers are sent to soften up the enemy terrain, destroying rail lines and communication centers. This was done in World War II when the German tanks were closing in on the Schwerepunkt and the planes withdrew at the last minute. In this way the enemy did not have time to recover as they were smashed by tanks and infantry.

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