Carthage was an ancient city founded by the Phoenicians between 750 and 800 BC, in North Africa, on the Mediterranean coast, in what is today Tunis. Thanks to commerce and a big merchant fleet, this Phoenician colony flourished and prospered economically and politically, and, by the 5th century BC, it had become a powerful city state. As the Carthaginians expanded their economic and cultural influence throughout the Mediterrean sea coasts, with factories in Sicily and colonies on the Spanish coasts, their expansionism would soon clash Rome’s. Thus, the two powerful city states would engage in a series of armed conflicts, known in history as the Punic Wars; the First, the Second, and the Third Punic War, at the end which Carthage would be totally destroyed and cease to exist. During the last couple of centuries of its existence, it was ruled by two families: the Hannons, who favored diplomacy and peace, and the Barcas, who supported war as the only way to solve international conflicts. During the Punic Wars, Carthage was ruled and led by two famous general Amilcar Barca and Hannibal Barca, with the latter being the former’s son and one of the most talented general in the ancient world. However, he would thoroughly be defeated at the Battle of Zama in 202 BC, at the end of the Second Punic War, by the audacious and brave Roman General, Publius Cornelius Scipio.