Category Archives: History

Genocide Against Christians in the Middle East

In the last two decades, Islamic terrorists have been committing genocide against Christians and other religious minorities from Yemen to Syria, and from Libya to Pakistan. First, it was Al-qaeda, now it is ISIS terrorists who are mass murdering human beings. Their main rationale for the genocide: “Infidels have to die, because the Koran says so”. But the great paradox of all this is that Angela Merkel, François Hollande, and Barrack Obama are receiving, welcoming, and helping Islamic migrants instead of Christians, Yazidis, Druses, and Kurds, who would successfully adapt to the Western culture. I think more than a paradox, France and Germany’s foreign policy is suicidal and a monument to human stupidity.

Genocide against Christians by Muslims in Irak (video)

Yazidis fleeing the carnage

Polish Corridor

The Polish Corridor was a strip of land granted to the newly created State of Poland by the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, connecting this new country to the Baltic Sea. It was about 150-km-long by 75-km-wide at the base, becoming narrower as it approached the sea. Having defeated the Germans in World War I, the Allied leaders arbitrarily decided to take away a chunk of territory from Germany to create Poland and its corridor, isolating East Prussia from the rest of the German territory. This infamous “peace” treaty also granted Poland full control of the sea port of Danzig, which was a city with a population composed of 85% of Germans.

The Polish Corridor created deep-seated resentment in the German people against the Allies; bitter resentment that would pave the way for Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. It would also be the main reason or rationale given by Hitler for German invasion of Poland in September 1939, which was the spark that triggered World War II, since the German population in the territories allocated to Poland, especially the Germans living in Danzig, demanded to be reincorporated to Germany. The granting of this territory and the control of the city of Danzig to Poland was one of the biggest mistakes made by the Allies right after the Great War. Also see mistakes made by US presidents. See also mistakes made by US presidents

Map of Polish Corridor

Polish_corridor_map

Annexation of Austria

The annexation of Austria into Greater Germany by the Third Reich took place on March 12, 1938, with the help of many Austrian supporters, who were part of a unionists movement known in German “Heim ins Reich” movement. In German the annexation of Austria is known as the “Anschluss”, which means connection, or link up. The main rationale for the annexation was based on the centuries-old historical and cultural links between the Germany and Austria which dated back from the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, which began in the year 962 AD with Otto I. This empire was regarded by the Nazi as the First Reich, which was made up of territories now occupied by Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Lichtenstein, and Louxenbourg. From the 15th century on, when the Habsburg dynasty took the throne, the capital of Holy Roman Empire was Vienna. Germany and Austria not only shared a common history, but their people also spoke the same language.

 

Prior to March 12, 1912, Hitler had provided support for the Austrian Nazi Party in its bid to seize power from Austria’s Austrofascist leadership. The Chancellor of Austria, Kurt Schuschnigg, wanted his country to remain independent and tried to hold a referendum to ask the Austrian people whether they wished to remain independent or merge into Germany. Schuschnigg expected Austria to vote in favour of maintaining autonomy, but a well-planned coup d’état orchestrated by the Austrian Nazi Party took place on March 11, before the referendum was held. Once the Austrian Nazi members had seized power, they quickly transferred it over to Germany. Then, on March 12, 1938, Wehrmacht troops entered Austria to enforce the Anschluss. The Nazis held a plebiscite, asking the Austrian people whether they wanted to be part of Germany. The result of the plebiscite was 99.73% of the vote favored an integration with Germany.

Germany’s Territorial Losses

Germany is the country with one of the largest territorial losses in history, with part of her population descendants living in the regions she lost. It was not as a result of secession or emancipation movement of any of her states, or of selling land to a neighboring nation, as in the case of Mexico and Russia selling a portion of their territories to the United States, but of being deprived of big chunks of her territory to be annexed, by force, to her former war enemies, or to be used to form new countries. In 1648, at the end of the Thirty Years War, France had annexed Alsace and Lorraine through the Peace of Westphalia treaty, acquiring 33,900 km2 of territory inhabited by German-speaking people. These two regions had been part of the Empire of Charlemagne in the Dark Ages; with the dissolution of this Empire, Alsace and Lorraine became part of the Eastern Frankish Realm, under Ludwig the German, in 870 AD, by the Treaty of Meersen. In the next century the Eastern Frankish Realm would become the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.

Although Germany recovered Alsace and Lorraine during the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871), the Treaty of Versailles (1919), which put an end to World War I, robbed Germany of these territories again, attaching them to France. These same “peace” treaty deprived Germany of huge chunks of territory to create two new nations: Poland and Czechoslovakia, isolating Eastern Prussia from the rest of Germany. French prime minister Georges Clemenceau and American President Woodrow Wilson were behind the idea of taking more than 110,000 km2 of territory away from Germany to create the States of Poland and Czechoslovakia. By doing so, they did not solve problems but laid the groundwork for the emergence of a monster: Nazism. At the end of World War II, East Prussia (about 50,000 km2) was annexed to the Soviet Union. Despite of these territorial losses, Germany has always been portrayed as the villain of history by Western media and movies screenplay writers.

Hitler’s Rise to Power

Adolf Hitler’s rise to power took place on January 30, 1933, when he was sworn in as chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg, along with a new cabinet. The reason for Hitler’s appointment as chancellor was that in the last two parliamentary elections neither of the two winning parties, the NSDAP* and the DNVP*, had not obtained an overwhelming majority of seats in order to form a one-party’s government as the coalition of these two parties failed and got dissolved. Since the Nazi Party had come out second in the November 1932 election, right behind Hindenburg’s, with 35% of votes and 196 seats, the President was persuaded by Franz von Papen, former chancellor, and Alfred Hugenberg, influential businessman and politician, to designate the World War I German Army corporal chancellor of the Reich.

Although Nazi Party did not have majority in the Reichstag, the new Enabling Act of 1933, granted Hitler full legislative powers (to enact laws without parliament) for a four-year period. One of the first act of Hitler’s government was to suppress all political opposition. Upon the death of President Hindenburg, on August 2, 1934, a law was enacted naming Adolf Hitler Führer and chancellor. Without political opposition and backed by the powerful SS and SA paramilitary organizations, he put an end to the Weimar Republic and created the Third Reich through the Gleichschaltung, which was a Nazi Party policy of abolishing all opposition to Hitler government. In August 1934, all army officers had to swear an oath of loyalty to the Führer.

*NSDAP: Nationalsocialistische Deutsche Arbeitpartei (or simply Nazi Party). *DNPV: German National People’s Party

Postwar Germany

Invaded by the Allied armies at the end of World War II, Germany began the postwar period divided into four occupation zones: American, British, French, and Soviet. The sector occupied by the three western Allied countries would become the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), a democratic country with a free market society; while the portion occupied by the Red Army would become the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), a non-democratic country whose economy was run by the State, which did not allow private property and free individual enterprise.

Four years after World War II, right after the Berlin Airlift and the approval of its new Constitution (the Basic Law) in May 1949, West Germany held its first democratic elections, in which Konrad Adenauer, from the Christian Democratic Union Party (CDU), was elected chancellor. During his government (1949-1963), and boosted by an American, financial aid package, called the Marshall Plan, Germany would undergo a period of great economic growth and technological development, despite the fact of having been literally razed by Allied carpet bombing during World War II. In 1955, as the Cold War Iron Curtain had been dropped by the Soviet Union across Europe from north to south, West Germany became a NATO member, the military organization of western free democratic countries.

In December 1989, the Berlin Wall, which divided the former capital of Germany, was partially torn down as the Berliners from East Germany were allowed for the first time to freely travel in and out of West Germany. In August 1990, with the collapse of Communism and the former Soviet Union, East Germany joined West Germany to become one nation again.