Developed by the Douglas Aircraft Company, the A-20 Havoc was a twin-engine light bomber used by the Allied air forces during World War II.  It entered service with the French Air Force in early 1940 under the company name of DB-7, seeing combat action in May and June 1940, in the Battle of France. Those that were not destroyed by the German Luftwaffe would be operated by the pro-German Vichy France. The British Royal Air Force also acquired the Douglas A-20, using it in North Africa and in the Mediterranean theater of operations from mid 1941. The American government, headed by Roosevelt, also shipped several hundred Havocs to Russia in support of the Soviet Air Force. In US service, this light bomber was employed as a trainer and in coastal patrol duties. The Douglas Aircraft Company produced approximately 7,400 Havocs.

The A-20 was a shoulder-winged monoplane, fitted with all-metal fuselage and retractable landing gear. The Mark III variant in British service was powered by two Wright R-2600-A5B piston engines, that generated 1,700 horsepower each. It could carry up to 910 kg of bombs and bristled with seven 7.7mm machine guns:  two mounted in dorsal position, one in the belly, and four in the nose of the aircraft. The A-20, or the Boston, as it was also known in British service, was a rugged, reliable aircraft that became a work horse of the Royal Air Force in the North African Campaign.

Specifications

Type: light bomber / attack aircraft

Wingspan: 61′ 4″ (18.7 m)

Length: 47′ 11″ (14.6 m)

Height: 17′ 7″ (5.3 m)

Maximum speed: 340 mph

Range: 1,050 miles

Service ceiling: 23,700 feet (7,225 m)

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