The F-101 Voodoo was a jet fighter aircraft which was used extensively by the US Air Force during the Cold War years, especially during the Vietnam War and the Cuban Missile Crisis, as a fighter-bomber and reconnaissance aircraft respectively. The F-101 was developed by McDonnell Aircraft as a long-range bomber escort for the Strategic Air Command (SAC), but it was later reconfigured as a fighter bomber, intended to carry a single nuclear weapon for use against battlefield targets such as airfields. The Voodoo replaced the F-89 Scorpion and F-94 Starfire in the long-range, all-weather intercept role.
The prototype, the YRF-101A, first flew on September 29, 1954, and entered into service with the USAF in the 27th Strategic Fighter Wing as the F-101A, in 1957. It was first employed in a combat mission in November 1964, in the skies over North Vietnam, where a couple of Voodoos were lost to ground fire. Extensively modified versions of the F-101 Voodoo were produced as an all-weather interceptor aircraft, serving with the Air Defense Command, later renamed the Aerospace Defense Command (ADC), the Air National Guard, the Royal Canadian Air Force and the unified Canadian Forces after 1968.
Length: 20.55 m)
Wingspan: 12.09 m
Height: 5.49 m
Wing area: 34.2 m2
Engines: two Pratt & Whitney J57-P-55 afterburning turbojets
Maximum speed: Mach 1.72 (1,134 mph, 1,825 km/h) at 35,000 ft (10,500 m)
Rate of climb: 250 m/s
Range: 1,520 mi (2,450 km)
Armament: four AIM-4 Falcon missiles, and two AIR-2 Genie nuclear rockets
F-101 Voodoo (video)