The FGM-148 Javelin is a man-portable anti-tank missile which was developed by Texas Instruments and Martin Marietta for the US and British Army. After several years of field tests, the FGM-148 finally entered service with the army in 1996. Fitted with an imaging infrared seeker, the Javelin is a fire-and-forget missile with lock-on before launch. It is used by infantry troops against armored vehicles. The tandem warhead of the FGM-148 is fitted with two shaped charges: a precursor warhead to detonate any explosive reactive armor and a primary warhead to penetrate base armor.
The FGM-148 Javelin is propelled by a solid-fuel rocket engine and has a maximum operational range of 2.5 km. Once launched, the missile takes a top-attack flight profile against armored vehicles, attacking the top of the tank where the armor is thinner. The FGM-148 can also take a direct-attack mode for use against buildings or fortifications. This missile also has the ability to engage helicopters in the direct attack mode. The Javelin was used in the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, with devastating effects on the Iraqi version of T-72s and Type 69 tanks. Now, the FGM-148 is manufactured by Raytheon and Lockheed Martin.
Type: anti-tank, surface-to-surface guided missile
Engine: solid-fuel rocket
Range: 2.5 km (1.6 miles)
Guidance system: Imaging infrared
Warhead: Tandem shaped charge HEAT
Length: 1.1 m (43 inches)
Diameter: 12,7 cm (5.0 inches)
Weight: 11.8 kg (26lb)
FGM-148 Javelin Live Test (Video)