The artillery regiment of the German Infantry Division during World War II consisted of three light artillery units, each with a staff battery and three batteries of four light FH 18 field howitzers each, 36 1FH 18 in all; one heavy artillery unit with a staff battery and three batteries, each with four heavy sFH 18 field howitzers, 12 sFH 18 in all; regimental staff with staff battery; supply trains. Each battery also had two light machine guns for anti-aircraft use and short-range securing. The total strength of an artillery regiment consisted of 114 officers, 10 administrators, 427 non-commissioned officers and 2321 enlisted men (total 2872), plus 2208 horses (776 saddle horses, 874 light and 558 heavy draft horses), 48 guns, 240 horse-drawn vehicles, 76 cars, 80 trucks and 57 motorcycles, including eight with sidecars. The armaments used by the artillery included pistols, rifles and 24 light machine guns.
The artillery regiment with its bright red service-arm color was the "heavy hammer" of the division. With their well-directed, handy and heavy fire, they supported the hard-fighting infantry in attacking and defensive combat. They fired on enemy batteries, provided preparatory and barrage fire, smashed enemy forces that were setting up, and always provided a tangible release of pressure in any situation. When one reads divisional and regimental histories, one sees again and again what valuable help and support the division artillery provided. A gun consisted of a limber pulling a light field howitzer, pulled by six horses, 1 gun leader (mounted) and 5 cannoneers (3 seated at the front of the limber vehicle and two at the back, with storage space for baggage between them). The drivers sat on the left-side horses (drivers from the saddle, saddle horses). The horses on the right side were called hand horses. The teams were called (in order from front to back) front, middle and hitch horses.