The history of Germany goes back to the Roman military campaigns in Germania and the the fall of the Roman Empire when the Germanic tribes poured into Western Europe from the East in the 4th and 5th centuries AD. Although its origin, as a political entity, begins with the Carolingian Empire and its successor durin, the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, it was a religious military order, the Teutonic Knights, the foundation stone of the kingdom that would unify the fragmented German states in the second half of the 19th century. The German states (duchies, principalities, and estates) had broken away from the Holy Roman Empire in the 16th century as a result of Martin Luther’s schism.

Timeline of German History

Germanic tribes

Battle of Teutoburg Forest

Carolingian Empire

– Treaty of Verdun (843), by which the Carolingian Empire was divided into threed kingdoms, one of which would give rise to Germany

Holy Roman Empire

Great Interregnum

Teutonic Knights

Thirty Years War

Kingdom of Prussia

Austro-Prussian War

Franco-Prussian War

German Unification

German Empire

World War I

Weimar Republic

Hitler’s Rise to Power

Third Reich

World War II

Postwar Germany

Berlin Airlift

Berlin Wall

Checkpoint Charlie

– Fall of the Berlin Wall (1989)

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Allied Bombing of Dresden
Hohenzollern Dynasty
German Annexation of Czechoslovakia