Germanic Mythology

Like the Greeks and Romans, the Germanic tribes were polytheistic, which means that they worshipped many gods. The Germanic Mythology did not emphasize in its gods the beauty and proportion of the Greek and Roman deities, but they were as powerful and strong. Next is the list of the most important gods that lived in the Asgard, the gods’s dwelling.

 Odin: Odin is the supreme deity and eldest of all the gods in the Nordic pantheon. He is leader he is father of all the gods. Those warriors who honorably die in battle become his adopted sons. Their souls are led by him into the hall of the slain in Valhalla. Odin is often dipicted as a wise old man and a wanderer. he also is keeper of magical treasures which provide him with aid in battle. Odin possesses a magical spear called Gungnir. When it is wielded in combat it never ceases to slay the enemy. This mighty weapon was given to Odin as a gift from the trickster god Loki, as part of his plan to stir up warfare. Odin also has two ravens that serve him as messengers and extend his vision. Their names are Hugin and Munin (Thought and Memory). These birds sit upon Odin’s shoulders. They fly into the battlefield in search of information and return to Odin to whisper it in his ears. These birds serve an important function, because they report on warriors that fall in combat and are suitable to live in Valhalla and feast until the coming of Ragnarok.

Thor: Thor is the Germanic god of thunder and lightning. He is the strongest among the gods in Asgard. His status in the Nordic pantheon precedes that of Odin, his father. Thor rules over the region called Prudvangar, "the Paddock of Power", where his lightning castle Bilskirnir is situated. Thor has the power to conjure storms, and control the wind and rain. He is a mighty god with an immense appetite. He has fiery red hair, a huge red beard, and a hot temper. Thor owns three powerful treasures. The first is his most cherished, his hammer Mjollnir. With it, he became the defender of Asgard, for he protects this realm from such enemies as giants, trolls, and the Midgard serpent. Mjollnir is also known as the thunderbolt. When this hammer is thrown at the enemy, it returns to Thor’s hands like a boomerang. Thor grasps the shaft of this hammer with his second most powerful aid, his iron-clad gloves. His third treasure is a strength-increasing belt. He is able to replenish his divine strength by wearing this magical girdle.

Tyr: Tyr, also known as Tiwaz, is the Nordic god of war. He is remembered as the patron who established law and order in the community. Warriors worship Tyr for he is said to grant victory and protection in times of battle. Tyr is the boldest and most courageous of the gods. In Asgard he rules over the sky guarding the heavens from the much despised Fenrir wolf. He will fight against the hound of Hel, Garm, during the last battle of Ragnarok.

Loki: Loki is the mischief-maker among the Nordic gods. He is also known as the trickster god or father-of-lies. Although Loki lives in the realm of Asgard, he is the son of a giant and full of guile. Loki is a shape-shifter, and his form is always changing so that he can perform his mischief. It is thought that Loki was androgynous for he is able to conceive children, animals, and supernatural creatures. He had three offspring by a giantess named Angrboda: the wolf Fenrir, the Midgard serpent Jormungand, and Hel, who reigns over the realm of the dead. Loki will break away from his fetters at Ragnarok to fight against his life long enemy Heimdall. They will kill one another as Loki’s vision of the destruction of the universe is realized.

Heimdall: Heimdall was known as the watchman of the gods and guardian of Bifrost. He lived in a palace called Himinbjorg. He was refered to as the bright god or the light. Heimdall was bestowed with a heightened sense of awarness in both sight and hearing. It is said that his sense of hearing was so keen that he could hear blades of grass sprouting from the earth and hear the wool of sheep growing.

Freyja: Freyja is the most beautiful goddess in Asgard. Freyja is a fertility goddess, offering prosperity to the community as well as in marriage. Freyja has a reputation as a flirt. She enjoys love poetry and uses her love lore on many gods and creatures of the underworld. The trickster god Loki has accused her of having an incestuous relationship with her brother Frey. The Valkyries are closely related to the cult of Freyja because she is considered the bride of all fallen heroes, as well as the bride of the early kings.

Frey: Frey is a fertility god. He has control over rain and sunshine; therefore, he is bound to the fertility of the land and its bounty. Frey has been called the "Lord of the Harvest" . Those who invoke him during worship ask for a successful crop season and peace. Frey is the son of Njord, god of the sea, and his sibling is the enigmatic goddess Freyja.

Frigg: Frigg is the mother goddess in Nordic mythology and is the central deity in Asgard. She is the wife of Odin, thus acquiring the title Queen of the Heavens. Frigg is the mother of the fair and beautiful god Baldr, whom she tried to protect from harm. Frigg fell victim to Loki’s treachery when he disguised himself as a woman to ask Frigg what the secret to Baldr’s death was. Frigg is revered as "the weeping goddess" since she suffered, the loss of her son Baldr. The goddess Frigg grants aid and relief to women in labour.

Baldr: Baldr is the second son of Odin and Frigg. He was admired for his fair and radiant beauty. Baldr was the wisest and noblest among all the gods in Asgard. He lived in a region in heaven called Breidablik where no evil could reach him. Nothing but good could be said about this merciful god. The Aesir and Vanir worried greatly when Baldr had nightmares that could not be explained. Odin travelled to the land of the dead to consult the seeress about his dreams. Baldr was innocently killed by his brother Hod, the blind god, when Loki persuaded him to fling a shaft of this deadly shrub. It pierced Baldr like a spear, and Baldr was sent to the the realm of Hel.

Eir: The goddess Eir, of the Aesir, possessed superior knowledge of the art of medicine. As a physician, Eir collected samples of medicinal plants and herbs that were known to cure ailments, diseases, and wounds. She was said to teach her healing lore to women, who were at the time the common practitioners of this art in the northern regions.

Hermod: Hermod was Odin’s son and a god of the Aesir race. He ventured on a voyage to Hel, the land of the dead, on Odin’s gray steed, Sleipnir. His objective was to bargain for the life of Baldr. This odyssey in darkness took nine nights whereupon he crossed the river Gjoll, where only dead men walk. He also crossed the echoing bridge, Gjallarbru, made of ice and laced with gold. Hermod eventually returned to the Aesir with Hel’s proposition. Hermod perished in the last battle of Ragnarok. There is no information describing his participation against the inevitable.

Vidar: Vidar was best known as "the Silent God". He is the son of Odin and the giantess, Grid. Vidar was very independent, for he enjoyed his freedom by living in complete solitude. His palace was known as Idavoll. It was located in the depths of a dense forest in Asgard. This place was much like an enchanted garden of abundant flowers, rich greenery and great pillars of trees. There Vidar lived alone. At Ragnarok, Vidar tried to save his father Odin’s life. His strength was almost as great as Thor’s. Vidar is destined to survive the world’s destruction and inherit and reign in the new world after the fires of Ragnarok have died out. 

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Thor is Carlos Benito Camacho, the manager and writer of this blog.