Henry VIII was born at Greenwich on June 28, 1491, the third child of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. Henry was the second monarch of the House of Tudor, succeeding his father. But he only became heir to the throne on the death of his elder brother, Prince Arthur, in 1502 and succeeded in 1509. In his youth he was athletic, highly intelligent, and was extremely fond of hunting. Henry’s scholarly interests included writing both books and music, as he was a lavish patron of the arts.