The Galil is an automatic, gas-operated assault rifle, which is in service with the Israeli Defence Forces since 1972, replacing the FN FAL. It first saw combat action in the Yom Kippur War (1973). It was also used in the Lebanese Civil War, South African Border War, and other armed conflicts in the Middle East and Africa. Presently, it is employed by the Colombian Army in the war against the FARC guerrilla army. Developed by IMI (Israeli Military Industries), four versions have been produced in two calibers: Galil AR (Assault Rifle), SAR (Short Assault Rifle), ARM (Assault Rifle and Machine gun), and MAR (Micro Assault Rifle); the first three variants are chambered for either 5.56x45mm or 7.62x51mm NATO, while the last one has been manufactured only in 5.56mm caliber. Although the design is based on the AK 47, this Israeli rifle is more accurate and has a lighter recoil than the Russian one. The reason that led to the developement of the Galil was the malfunction and stoppage problems shown by the FN FAL in the desert environment of the Six Day War.
The IMI Galil has a gas-operated system, with rotating bolt, featuring a receiver made of heavy milled forged steel. Like the AK 47, its gas cylinder is located above its barrel and can be taken apart in field stripping. The barrel is made of hardened reinforced steel and is fitted with a muzzle brake. The cocking handle and ejecting port are found on the right hand side of weapon, while the fire select lever is on the left hand side, just above the hand grip. It also features a bipod, a folding stock, and uses a 35-round detachable box magazine. With a 53.5-cm-long barrel, the 7.62mm Galil AR has an effective range of 600 m and a muzzle velocity of 850 m/s, with a rate of fire of 750 rpm. Not only is it an accurate rifle, but also one of the most reliable infantry weapon in the world.