The IS-2 was a WWII Russian heavy tank which entered service with the Red Army in early 1944. It was first used in combat in April 1944, during the Battle of Narva, in Estonia. The IS-2 was developed in response to the powerful German Panther and Tiger tanks, which could not be defeated by the T-34. To overcome the thick German tank armor, this Soviet heavy tank was armed with a long 122mm-caliber gun, which had an effective range against light armored vehicles of 3,000 m, being able to destroy a Tiger I at 1,000 m away. However, it could also be destroyed at that distance by the powerful, high-velocity 8.8-cm KwK 36 gun of the German tank. Its armament also included one 12,7mm machine gun and two 7.62mm machine guns.

The IS-2 was protected by 120mm-thick steel armor on the turret, 80mm-thick on the front hull, and 30mm on the flanks. It was powered by one V-2 IS 12-cylinder diesel engine, that generated 600 horsepower. It had a maximum road speed of 23 miles per hour (37 km/h) and an operational range of 150 miles (240 km). It was operated by a crew of 4 men. The State-run Kirov factory produced 250 IS-2 tanks between 1943 and 1947.

Specifications

Type: heavy tank

Weight: 46 tons

Length: 32′ 6″ (9.9 m)

Width: 10′ 2″ (3 m)

Height: 8′ 11″ (2.7 m)

is-2

is-2_heavy_tank

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