The Macchi C.205 Veltro was a single-engined fighter aircraft used by the Italian Royal Airforce (Regia Aeronautica) during World War II. Developed from the C.202 Folgore, it entered service in February 1943, with a total of only 262 C.205s being built by the Italian firm Macchi in a production period of ten months. It was the fastest Italian aircraft to see combat action in this armed conflict and one of the fastest aircraft used in the war as it could fly at the maximum speed of 400 miles per hour (642 km/h). It could outmatch the British Supermarine Spitfire; in June-July 1943 an Italian pilot flying the Macchi C.205 shot down two Spitfires along with three P-38 Lightning in the sky of Rome. During 1943, it carried out combat missions as a fighter and bomber escort in Italy and the Mediterranean area. Most of the C.205s ended up in the Allies’ hands after Benito Musolini was ousted from power by a Republican coalition.

The Veltro was a low-winged monoplane, which had an all-metal fuselage and retractable landing gear. As a power plant, it was fitted with one Fiat RA-1050 R.C.58 Tifone, V12 engine, which generated 1,475 hp. The C.205 was armed with two 12.7mm Breda SAFAT machine guns and two 20mm MG-151 guns. When used in the ground-attack role, it could carry two 160-kg bombs. The main versions were the C.205V and the C.205S, with the former being the main production variant and the latter was the bomber escort model.

Specifications

Type: fighter aircraft

Wingspan: 34′ 9″ (10.58 m)

Length: 29′ (8.85 m)

Height: 10′ (3 m)

Maximum speed: 400 mph

Range: 590 miles (950 km)

Ceiling: 37,700 ft (11.500 m)

Macchi_c-205_fighter

Macchi_c-205

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