Through the Treaty of Versailles, which was imposed by the Allies on their defeated enemy in 1919, Germany lost about a fourth of its territory. Huge chunks of land were taken away from her to create Poland and Czechoslovakia. This arbitrary decision taken by the Allied nations to change the European map created deep resentment in the German population and laid the groundwork for the emergence of Nazism and Adolf Hitler, creating the geopolitical circumstance for World War II.

Below: the Map of Germany and Central Europe after the Treaty of Versailles


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