The Myasishchev M-4Bison” was a long-range, heavy bomber used by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. It was designed by Vladimir Myasishchev to compete with the American bomber B-52. The M-4 was introduced in 1954, the same year it had performed its first test flight. It was the Soviet answer to the American B-47 Stratojet bomber, which had entered service a couple of years earlier. However, the State-run firm Myasishchev produced only 93 M-4s. The Russians called it “Molot“, which means “hammer”, but it was known as “Bison” by NATO military. The 3M, which would be introduced in 1955, was an upgraded version of the M-4, being equipped with more powerful engines, enabling the aircraft to fly a much longer distance than its predecessor; approximately 12,500 km. This variant was known as “Bison-B” in the West.

Myasishchev_M-4-bomber

The Myasishchev M-4 was a jet aircraft, which was fitted with classic swept wings, mounted high on the fuselage, and swept tailplane. The 3M version was powered by four Dobrynin VD-7 jet engines, by which it could reach the maximum speed of 1,020 km per hour. Two were fitted in each wing, one beside the other, very close to the fuselage. In the early 1960s, both variants would be adapted to be refueled in flight. The M-4 was designed to attack only from high altitudes as it could carry up to 24,000 kg of bombs (either conventional or nuclear), with 9,000 kg of them in two internal bomb bays. For self-defense, it was armed with nine 23mm guns.

Specifications

Type: strategic bomber
Wingspan: 50.5 m
Length: 47.20 m
Height: 14.10 m
Wing area: 326.35 m2
Crew: 8

Myasishchev_m-4

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