The Panzerkampfwagen II, or Panzer II, was a World War II German light tank, which was produced from 1935 to 1943. It was a kind of a stopgap design while better tanks were being developed. However, the Panzer II was the most massively produced tank when the war broke out on September 1, 1939; thus, it was a very important tank from a numerical point of view. Its official designation was the PanzerKampfWagen II, which was shortened to PzKpfw II. It first saw combat action in 1937, in the Spanish Civil War.

Panzer-ii

Panzer II had been designed in 1934 by MAN, which was a German engineering company. The design was based on the Panzer I, but it was bigger. Production of the tank started in 1935 and took eighteen months for the first combat-ready tanks to be delivered to the German Army. This light tank was powered by a 140 hp, six-cylinder Maybach HL62 TRM engine which run on gasoline, and used a 6-gear ZF transmission plus reverse. It weighed 7.2 tonnes, measured 4.8 m in length, 2.2 m in width, and 2 m in height, and had a crew of three. It was manufactured in different variants from Ausf.A to Ausf.J models.

Panzer II Ausf F had 35mm-thick steel armor on the front, 20mm on the sides, and 14mm on back, and 10mm on top. It was fitted out with a 20mm KwK 30 L/55 gun as a main armament, and a 7.92mm MG34 machine gun. It first saw action during the invasion of Poland and played an important role in the Battle of France.

Specifications

Type: light tank
Weight: 10 tons
Length: 4.64 m
Width: 2.3 m
Height: 2 m
Maximum speed: 55 km/h
Range: 200 km

panzer-ii-german

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