Spanish Civil War Aircraft

The aircraft used in the Spanish Civil War came from countries which stood on the antipodes of political ideologies and which would fight against each other again during World War II. The government of the Second Spanish Republic used Soviet-made planes, while the Nationalist rebels, under Franco, employed German and Italian fighters and bombers, with entire squadrons being flown by pilots from these Axis countries, and who were members either of the German Condor Legion or the Italian Aviazione Legionaria. Although the socialists had the upperhand in the Spanish skies at the beginning of the armed struggle, the Axis-backed air units would soon come out victorious and gain air superiority for the Nationalists as their fighter and attack aircraft would prove to be superior to the Soviet ones, as air superiority is the key to winning a battle or war.

List of Spanish Civil War Aircraft


1- Messerschmitt Bf 109 (Germany). Used by the Nationalists forces, the fastest and most advanced aircraft in this armed conflict

2- Polikarpov I-16 (Soviet Union)

3- Fiat G.50 (Italy). Monoplane fighter

4- Heinkel He 51 (Germany). A biplane that was also employed in the ground attack and reconnaissance roles

5- Fiat CR-32 (Italy). Biplane

6- Polikarpov I-15 (Soviet Union). Biplane; also carried out reconnaissance missions

Bombers and Ground Attack Aircraft

1- Junkers Ju 87 “Stuka” (Germany). Single-engined ground attack aircraft

2- Breda Ba.65 (Italy). Ground attack aircraft

3- Tupolev SB (Soviet Union). The fastest bomber of the civil war

4- Svoia-Marchetti SM.81 (Italy). Medium bomber and transport aircraft

5- Junkuers Ju 52 (Germany). Medium bomber and transport plane

6- Polikarpov R-5 (Soviet Union). Lighte bomber and reconnaissance aircraft

Reconnaissance planes

1- Heinkel He 70 (Germany). Monoplane

2- IMAM Ro.37 (Italy). Biplane

The Messerschmitt Bf 109, the fastest fighter of the Spanish Civil War


Below, the Soviet Tupolev SB, the fastest bomber of this armed strife


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Thor is Carlos Benito Camacho, the manager and writer of this blog.