The Syrian Civil War is an armed uprising of a large section of the civilian population against the dictator Bashar al-Assad, who came to power in 2000, succeeding his father Hafez al-Assad. It began in April 2011, with political demonstrations in the streets of Damascus against the regime, demanding individual and political freedom. As the demonstrators became armed guerrilla groups, the conflict intensified, with thousands of people killed in fierce fighting and bomb explosions in Aleppo, Damascus and other cities. They demand the resignation of al-Assad and the dissolution of Ba’ath Party. In Ausgust 2013 the government troops killed several thousands people, most of them children and women, using chemical weapons, which stirred up public outrage in the international community over the massacre, putting greater prussure on the United States and the European countries to act soon and stop the slaughter.
However, the Syrian conflict is complex, because it involves religion; about 90% of the population is Islamic, from which 70% are Sunnis and 30% Shi’ites. Some of the armed groups fighting against the government troops are extremist Islamists and some political analysts fear that by helping the rebels to overthrow al-Assad’s regime, they will be helping terrorist cells to get to power in Syria. But it also complex, since by not doing anything, al-Assad will consolidate in power and the US government and the European countries will be regarded by Islamic regimes as weak nations with irresolute leaders, which would be a green light for Iran to continue with his program to develop nuclear weapons. Nevertheless, if the United States and France are going to take action against the brutal regime ruling Syria, the military strikes must not be limited but total and with the objectivie of ousting al-Assad, helping only pro-democratic and secular armed groups, and avoiding and depriving fundamentalist Muslim cells of any kind of aid, in weaponry or logistics.