The T-90 is the main battle tank used by the Russian Army. It was developed from the T-72 by Uralvagonzavod and entered service with in 1992. The T-90 is protected by steel-composite-reactive armor and is armed with a 125mm smoothbore gun, which is capable of firing anti-tank guided missiles, and two machine guns. This Russian tank is powered by a V-96 12-cylinder multi-fuel diesel engine, capable of delivering 1,100 hp. The T-90 is fitted with the 1A4GT integrated fire control system (IFCS) which is can be manually overridden for the commander. The IFCS contains the gunner’s 1A43 day fire control system, gunner’s TO1-KO1 thermal imaging sight which has a target identification range of 1.2km to 1.5km and commander’s PNK-S sight.
The T-90A engaged in combat for the first time during the 1999 Chechen Islamic invasion of Dagestan. According to Moscow Defense Brief, one T-90 was hit by seven RPG anti-tank rockets but remained in action. This war ended with a major Russian victory and the retreat of the Muslim forces.
Specifications for the T-90 Tank
Type: main battle tank
Weight: 46.5 tonnes
Width: 3.78 m (12 ft 5 in)
Length: 9.53 m (31 ft 3 in)
Crew: 3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Engine: V-96 12-cylinder multi-fuel diesel engine rated at 1,100 hp
Maximum speed: 60 km/h (37mph)
Range: 600 km (400mi)
Weapons: one 125mm smoothbore gun; one 7.62mm coaxial machine gun; one .7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun