The Tu-160 Blackjack is a long-range, strategic jet bomber developed by Tupolev in the Soviet Union. It entered service with the Soviet Air Force in 1987. The Tu-160 has a variable-geometry wing, a blended wing profile and full-span slats on the leading edges. Fitted with a probe and drogue in-flight refueling system for extended-range missions, this Russian bomber aircraft is powered by four Samara NK-321 turbofan engines, rendering the Tu-160 capable of reaching Mach 2.05.
The Blackjack has a range of 7,700 miles and can carry up to 40,000 kg (88,185 lb) of ordnance/missiles. The Tu-160 is equipped with an Obzor-K attack radar in a slightly upturned dielectric radome, and a separate “Sopka” terrain-following radar, which provides fully automatic terrain-following flight at low altitude. Tupolev built 35 T-160 bombers, but only 18 remains in service today with the Russian Air Force. According to Russian government sources, on 11 September 2007, a Tu-160 was used to drop the massive fuel-air explosive device, the Father of all bombs, for its first ever field test.
Type: supersonic, strategic bomber
Engine: four Samara NK-321 turbofans
Maximum speed: Mach 2.05 (2,220 km/h, 1,380 mph)
Range: 12,400 km (7,700 mi)
Ceiling: 15,000 m (49,200 ft)
Weapons: two internal bays for 40,000 kg (88,185 lb) of ordnance, or two internal rotary launchers each holding six Raduga Kh-55 cruise missiles
Avionics: Obzor-K attack radar
Length: 54.10 m (177ft 6in)
Wingspan (spread 20° sweep): 55.70 m (189 ft 9 in)
Height: 13.10 m (43 ft 0 in)
Crew: 4 (pilot, co-pilot, bombardier, systems operator)