The USS Yorktown CV-10 was a US Navy’s fleet aircraft carrier used in the Pacific Theater of Operations of World War II. Commission in April 1943, she was named after the USS Yorktown CV-5, which had been sunk in the Battle of Midway. As an Essex-class carrier, she could carry up to 100 aircraft (F6F Hellcats, SBD Dauntless, TBF Avengers) and was fitted with three deck elevators. She was armed with twelve 127mm (5″) guns, thirty-two 40mm Bofors AA guns, and forty-six 20mm Oerlikon AA guns. Her power plant consisted of 4 Westinghouse geared steam engines, with 4 shafts, supplied by 8 boilers, delivering 150,000 hp.
USS Yorktown CV-10 first saw combat action in October 1943, when her aircraft attacked the Japanese base of Wake Island. On November 19, 1943, her dive bombers carried out air strikes against the Japanese military installations on Tarawa, a day before the US Marines landed there. In early 1944, she joined Task Force 58, under Adm Raymond Spruance. Having launched air raids against enemy military targets in the Palau Islands, she participated in the Battle of the Philippine Sea in June 1944. At the end of March 1945, her aircraft attacked Okinawa to soften up the terrain before the US invasion of the island. On April 7, 1945, her bombers attacked and sank the Imperial Japanese Navy’s battleship Yamato.
Two years after World War II, Yorktown CV-10 was decommissioned. However, she would be recommissioned in 1953 to join the US 7th Fleet, designated as an attack carrier (CVA-10). In 1957, she was reclassified as CVS-10 and upgraded with an angled flight deck and steam catapults. In the 1960s, she carried out naval operations off the coast of Vietnam. In 1970, the USS Yorktown CVS-10 was decommissioned for the last time. During her brilliant military career, she had won 11 Battle Stars.
Length: 250 m (273 yd)
Beam: 28 m (30 yd)
Draft: 8.66 m
Displacement: 27,100 tons
Speed: 33 knots
Range: 20,000 nautical miles
Crew: 2,700 sailors and officers