The Vultee A-31 Vengeance was a single-engine dive bomber used in combat by the British and Australian Royal Air Forces during the Second World War. It was also in service with the US Army Air Corps between 1941 and 1945, as it had been developed and made in America by Vultee, but it was not employed in combat missions by the Americans, being relegated to a secondary role in home bases as a trainer and target tug. The reason for this was that it was considered an easy prey to enemy fighters as it was slow. For the role of ground-attack aircraft or a light bomber, the Americans preferred to use a fast fighter aircraft instead, the P-47 Thunderbolt. However, in British, Australian, and Indian service, the A-31 carried out thousands of combat missions in Europe, North Africa, Burma and Malay. In Southeast Asia it proved to be very valuable in providing fire support to ground troops. A modified version of this aircraft was called the A-35 in American service.
The Vultee A-31 Vengeance was a two-seat monoplane, fitted with mid wings, an all-metal fuselage, and retractable landing gear. It was powered by one Wright R-2600-A5B-5, twin-cyclone, 14-cylinder radial engine, which delivered 1,600 hp. This aircraft was armed with four, forward-firing 7.62mm and one backward firing, 7.7mm machine gun, which was operated by gunner in rear cockpit. The A-31 could carry up to 340 kg of bombs. It remained in front line service with the RAF until 1944.
Wingspan: 14.63 m
Length: 12.12 m
Height: 4.6 m
Maximum speed: 275 mph (443 km/h)
Range: 1,400 miles