War of Israeli Independence
The War of Israeli Independence was an armed conflict pitting Israel against the neighboring Arab countries of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Iraq, from May 1948 to March 1949, in the Middle East. The newly created State of Israel achieved a remarkable military victory by defeating simultaneously five arab countries, using limited military resources and without foreign support. It is an example of what a nation can achieve when the people are united under one goal, which was the existence as a nation organized around a State with their own territory, which they had inherited from the ancient Israelites that had been inhabiting the region for thousands of years before the emergance of Islam in the 7th century AD, even before the rise of the Roman Empire; it was known as the Kingdom of Judah.
On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the executive head of the Israeli People, declared the creation of the State of Israel, in accordance with UN General Assembly Resolution 181, passed on November 29, 1947, which called for the establishment of two sovereign States in the territory which had just been under British mandate: an Arab/Palestinian State and a Jewish State. So great was the hatred for the Jewish that, instead of financially and politically assisting the Palestinians to organize themselves as an independent nation, the Arab countries decided to wage a total war on the newly-created State of Israel, futilely squandering their resources (instead of directing them through more constructive channels, to really help the Palestinians).
On May 15, 1949, one day after the declaration of Israeli Independence, Egyptian, Jordanian, Syrian, Iraqi, and Lebanese forces treacherously attacked Israel from all sides. The war characterized by the use of makeshift weapons and resourceful tactics. Since the Israelis were not allowed to buy armamemt on the international market, they smuggled German World War II Mauser rifles, MP40 Schmeisser sub-machine guns, mortars and other weapons into Israel from depots in Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. A great and courageous military commander who played a decisive role in the war was Moshe Dayan, commanding the Israeli units in the Jordan Valley sector and in a twelve-hour battle his troops stopped the Syrian advance. Not only the Jewish forces held off the Islamic attacks, but also launched counter-attacks, occupying some of the territory set aside for the Palestinians by the UN Resolution 181. Finally, after ferocious fighting that had raged on for almost a year, both sides signed a cease fire agreement on March 10, 1949.