The Battle of Stalingrad was perhaps the biggest and most vicious battle of World War II and all types of weapons were used to defeat the enemy. Here are the most important and decisive ones.

German Armament

Tanks:

Panzerkampfwagen III (Sd Kfz 141). Depending on the version, it was armed with either a 37-mm (KwK 36) or a 50-mm gun (Kwk 39). Frontal armor: 50 mm. Maximum speed: 25 mph (40 km/h).

Panzerkampfwagen IV. Ausf A, B, D, and F variants had a 75-mm, short-barreled, low-velocity gun (KwK 37 L/24), which could not pierce the Russian T-34 front armor at a distance further than 400 m. The Ausf G version had a 75-mm, long-barreled, high-velocity cannon (KwK 4 L/43), which could effectively pierce the T-34 armor from 1,000 m away. But, by late August 1942, only a quarter of Pzkfw IV tanks of the 4th Panzer Army were equipped with this more powerful longer gun. Frontal armor: 50 mm; side armor: 30 mm.

Anti-tank Armored Vehicles

StuG III. It mounted a 75 mm gun on the chassis of the PzKfw III tank.

Anti-tank Guns

8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37. This was a powerful, long-barreled, AA gun also used as an anti-tank weapon. Fitted with new telescopic sight, this 88mm gun could destroy a T-34 at 4,000 m away.

5 cm Pak 35. Despite its calibre, it was a lethal anti-tank gun capable of destroying a Soviet T-34 tank from a distance of 1,400 m.

Aircraft

Junkers Ju 87 Stuka: a dive bomber, with a 4,000 lbs (2,000 kg) bombload

Messerschmitt Bf 109: a fast fighter aircraft, with a maximum speed of 398 mph (640 km/h)

Field Artillery

10.5-cm leFH 18: a 105mm field gun

7.5-cm FK 16 / 18: two 75mm field guns

Infantry Armament

Mauser 98K bolt-action rifle; MP 40 Schmeisser submachine gun; MG 34 and MG 42 machine guns; 5 cm Granatwerfer 36 (a 50mm mortar) and 8 cm Granatwerfer 34 ( 80mm mortar).

Soviet Armament

Tanks

KV 1: a heavy tank, fitted with a 76mm gun. Max speed: 22 mph. Armor: 130mm-thick at the front of turret.

T-34: a medium tank armed with a 76.2mm gun. Max speed: 33 mph. Armor: 81mm-thick at the front.

Aircraft

Ilyushin IL-2: a ground-attack aircraft. Bombload: 1,220 lbs (600 kg). Weapons: two 23mm guns and two 7.62mm machine guns.

Yakovlev YAK-9: a fighter aircraft. Max speed: 373 mph.

Field Artillery

Model 00/02: a 76.2-mm, mule-drawn field gun.

Model 1936: a 76.2-mm field gun.

Infantry Armament

Mosin-Nagant 7.62mm, bolt-action rifle; Tokarev 7.62mm, self-loading rifle; PPSh-41 submachine gun; DShK 1938 machine gun.

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