The Weimar Republic was the parliamentary republic created on August 11, 1919, in Germany, by the Weimar Constitution, which had been hammered out by the German National Assembly after the November Revolution (1918-1919). The Weimer Republic replaced the imperial government which fell at the end of World War I. This liberal republic did not last long, for it was replaced by the Third Reich of Adolf Hitler in 1933. It was named after the city of Weimar where the Constitutional National Assembly convened.

Many past-rooted problems gnawed the credibility of the German people in the Weimar Republic and paved the way for new extreme ideologies, such as Nazism. Hyperinflation, unemployment, poverty, the permanent hostility of France towards Germany, and, above all, the unfair discriminatory stipulations of the Treaty of Versailles (or the treaty of revenge) foreboded its extinction. The Weimar Republic had only two presidents: Friedrich Ebert (1919-1925), and Paul von Hindenburg (1925-1934), who was a World War I hero.

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