Wilhelm List (1880-1971) was a German General who served in the Imperial German Army, the Reichswehr, and the Wehrmacht, from 1898 to 1943.
He was born in Oberkirchberg, Württenberg, Germany. In 1898, at eighteen, he joined the Bavarian Army. By 1914, when War World I broke out, he had become a Captain, serving as a Staff Officer on the Western Front. When the Imperial German Army got dissolved after the Great War, he continued in service but in the Reichswehr, which was the German Armed Forces created by the Weimar Republic government.
When World War II broke out, he was the commander of the 14th Army that invaded Poland as part of Army Group South led by Gerd von Rundstedt. In 1940 and 1941, during the Battle of France, the invasion of Greece and the attack on the Soviet Union, he commanded the 12th Army. In 1942, during the German military operation towards the Caucasus, Wilhelm List was the commander of the newly-formed Army Group A. In early 1943, he was forced into retirement by Adolf Hitler. In 1948, the Nuremberg Military Tribunal found List guilty of war crimes allegedly committed in Greece and Yugoslavia between 1941 and 1942. However, he would be released in 1952 by the American authorities because his age-related health problems.