During World War II, the Wehrmacht deployed heavy and light anti-aircraft guns to protect industrial facilities and military units. The first ones ranged in calibers from 88 to 128mm, which were powerful enough to shoot down Allied bombers flying at high altitudes; the second ones were 20-to-50mm guns used against medium and low-flying Allied planes, such as ground attack and fighter aircraft. These German guns were deployed on the outskirts of big cities, industrial areas, and military camps peremeters. The most massively produced and used was the 88mm AA gun, which was also employed in the anti-tank and anti-bunker role. They had the official designation of “Flak”, which is the German acronym for “Flugabwehrkanone” (“air defense cannon”). Despite the fact that most of them were excellent weapons, and manufactured by the thousands, they could not stop the enemy bombing raids on German cities and factories once the Allied had won air supremacy over the Luftwaffe.
Heavy Anti-Aircraft guns
Light Anti-Aircraft guns
An 88mm AA gun emplced on a fixed platform