Field artillery is artillery light enough to be quickly deployed in the battlefield in support of frontline troops. During World War II, the field artillery did not play a main role in the fast and dynamic warfare of the German Blitzkrieg, for it was played by the ground-attack aircraft, especially the Stukas, which were a kind of flying artillery, and the tanks and self-propelled artillery. This was due to the fact guns and howitzers moved much slower than planes and gun-armed armored vehicles as most of them were hauled by horses. However, the field artillery, as in other armed conflicts of the past, provided vital fire support to frontline infantry units wherever they were needed to open up breaches in the enemy lines they could pore through and encircle their enemy during an offensive. In WW2, the German Army only used two calibers for field artillery pieces, in the forms of cannons (guns) and howitzers: the 105mm and the 75mm calibers, which were widely used both by the Axis and Allied armies during this armed struggle.
List of WW2 German Field Artillery
– 10.5-cm leFH 18 (Leichter Feldhaubitzer). A 105mm field howitzer. Shell weight: 14.5 kg. Max range: 10.6 km
– 10.5-cm Kanone 18 and model 18/40. 105mm guns. Shell weight: 15.14 kg. Max range: 19.5 km.
– 7.5-cm Fk 16nA and 18 (Feld Kanone). A 75mm field gun that fired a 5.8-kg shell to a maximum range of 10 km.
Below: the most extensively used field artillery piece in the Wehrmacht arsenal: the 10.5-cm leFH 18
Below: the German 105mm field gun
Below: the 75mm field gun models 16nA or 18