During WWII, the German Army was the armed force which used the heaviest artillery pieces of them all, deployed both on the Eastern and Western Fronts. Just like in WWI, the Germans showed a preference or inclination for superheavy artillery, which was used during sieges, to destroy fortifications (as in the siege of Sevastopol 1941-1942), to attack enemy industrial centers from a very long distance, and also to provide their ground troops with fire support. Although they were very powerful, with great destruction capacity, they were too heavy and consumed a lot of manpower and logistic resources to carry them around and mount them on site, when, perhaps it was more practical and faster to use ground-attack aircraft to fulfill the same missions of destroying heay fortifications and support troops on the ground. These variety of heavy German guns were mounted on railway tracks, on fixed emplacement or on two-wheeled carriages or were self-propelled like the 600mm Thor Mörser. Rheinmetall and Krupp were the main manufacturers of these artillery pieces. To see historical and technical data of these guns, click on the links below

Superheavy guns used in sieges

80 cm schwerer Gustav

60 cm Karl Gerät (Thor)

42 cm Gamma Mörser

35.5 cm Haubitze MI

28 cm K5 Railway Gun

–  21 cm K12 Railway Gun

Heavy guns

24 cm Kanone 3

21 cm Mörser 18

17 cm Kanone 18

15 cm Kanone 39

15 cm Kanone 18

15 cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18

Below: the 600mm Thor Mörser being fired on the Eastern Front

german_heavy_artillery_thor_morser

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