WWII Russian Aircraft

Although the WWII Russian aircraft had about the same speed and weaponry that characterized the British, German, and American counterparts, they were not as maneuverable and mechanically reliable and the Soviet pilots lacked the skills and expertise of the Germans as they did not make it to the top rank as the German aces did. Since the beginning of Operation Barbarossa on June 22, 1941, until late 1943, Germany had air superiority on the Eastern Front. However, the Soviet factories in the East, out of range of the German bombers, churned out thousands upon thousands of aircraft of all types. So, quantity made up for lack of quality, to a point that, by late 1944, there were about 50 Soviet fighters for each German Messerschmitt Bf 109 or Fockerwulf Fw 190. Also, about 90% of the bombing missions against German cities were carried out by Allied bombers, for the Soviets did not develop and manufacture in sufficient number this type of aircraft. However, by the end of WWII, the Soviets had produced fast aircraft, such as the Lavochkin La-7, but lacked the maneuverability of the British and the power of the American fighters.

List of WW2 Russian Aircraft


– Lavochkin La-7. Max speed: 665 km/h. Armament: two 20mm guns. Number produced: 5,750

– Lavochkin La-5. Max speed: 640 km/h. Two 20mm guns. Number produced: 9,900

– Lavochkin LaGG-3. Max speed: 570 km/h. Two 12.7mm machine guns and one 20mm gun. Number produced: 6,500

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3.  Max speed: 640 km/h. one 12.7mm and two 7.62mm machine guns. Number produced: 3.170

– Yakovlev Yak-1. Max speed: 580 km/h. one 20mm gun and one 12.7mm machine gun. Number: 8,700

– Yakovlev Yak-3. Max speed: 655 km/h. One 20mm gun and two 12.7mm machine guns. Number produced: 4,850

– Yakovlev Yak-7. Max speed: 500 km/h. One 20mm gun, two 7.62mm machine guns. Number producedt: 6,400

Yakovlev Yak-9. Max speed: 590 km/h. One 20mm gun, one 12.7mm machine gun. Number produced: 16,700

Ground-attack aircraft

– Iluyshin Il-2. Max speed: 414 km/h. two 23mm guns, two 7.62mm machine guns, one backward-firing 12.7mm machine gun, and bombload of 600 kg. Number produced: 36,000

– Sukhoi Su-2. Max speed: 486 km/h. Four fixed forward-firing 7.62mm machine guns, one backward-firing 12.7mm machine gun, and bombload of 400 kg. Number produced: 910


– Ilyushin Il-4. A two-engined heavy bomber and torpedo-bomber, with a bombload capacity of 1,500 kg. Range: 2,500 km

– Tupolev SB-2. Two-engined light bomber. Bombload: 1,000 kg. Range: 1,100 km

– Tupolev Tu-2. Two-engined medium bomber. Bomblaod: 3,000 kg. Range:

– Petlyakov Pe-2. Two 1,100hp engines. Bombload: 1,200 kg. Range: 1,500 km


Polikarpov R-5. Single-engined biplane

Below: three Yakovlev Yak-9s, the most massively produced Russian fighter


Below: two Petlyakov Pe-2 bombers


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Thor is Carlos Benito Camacho, the manager and writer of this blog.