Why Did the Battleship Become Obsolete?

The emergence of aircraft carriers was what put an end to the reign of the battleship as the most powerful naval weapon, rendering it already obsolete at the beginning of World War II as a decisive weapon to alter or influence the course of a naval battle. Although battleships were protected by thick steel armor and armed with powerful, large-caliber guns, they lacked the enormous power projection capacity of fleet carriers, which they exert through the destructive might of their bombers and fighter aircraft they carry onboard. Either to provide fire support to landing troops or confront an enemy fleet, the battleship fighting range was limited by the range of her naval guns, which means she could not put up a fight further away from the limit beyond which their guns projectiles could not reach. For example, the maximum fighting range of a World War II battleship was 23 miles, for that was the range of the 16″ guns it was armed with. Whereas as the fighting range of a carrier from the same epoch was 1,100 miles, for that was the range of a Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber. Today’s supercarriers can project a fighting or destructive capacity up to 1,300 miles + 600 miles, which are the F/A-18 Hornet’s range plus the AGM-158 JASSM’s air-to-surface missile’s.

The Japanese were the first to envision this obsolescence of the battleship, since to carry out the attack on Pearl Harbor they used their fleet carriers instead of these heavy steel sea monsters. Athough during the Cold War the USS Missouri, USS Iowa, and USS New Jersey were recommissioned, updated, and armed with long-range Tomahawk cruise missiles, which gave them great power projection, all three of them were phased out after that period, for the cost of keeping each one of them operating was too high, for they were too big and too heavy, guzzling up large amount of fuel and needing a large number of sailors and officers to keep them working. And today the job of cruise and anti-ship missile launching ship platform is performed by submarines, cruisers, and destroyers, which are smaller, lighter, and, therefore, less expensive to run.

World War II battleships bristling with powerful naval guns of all sort, whose fire power lacked the range of the carrier-based dive bombers


Cold War US Bombers

After World War II, the Western Civilization saw the United States ascendancy as a world superpower and, as such, it had the economic and industrial capacity to develop and produce advanced long range bombers, which served as deterrence against the Soviet Block in the Cold War scenario. Under the Tactical Air Command of the US Air Force, they were on full alert twenty-four hours a day for any sign of hostile Soviet encroachment upon the United States’s airspace.

List of US bombers in service during the Cold War

B-29 Superfortress. In service: from 1944 to 1960. Bombload capacity: 20,000 lb (9,000 kg). Range: 3,250 miles (5,230 km). Engines: 4. Manufacturer: Boeing

B-36 Peacemaker. In service: from 1949 to 1959. Bombload capacity: 86,000 lb (39,000 kg). Range: 10,000 miles (16,000 km). Engines: 6. Manufacturer: Convair.

B-45 Tornado. A strategic bomber, which participated in the Korean War. It was powered by 4 jet engines. Bombload capacity: 22,000 lb (10,000 kg). Manufacturer: North American Aviation. Years in service: 1948 – 1959.

B-47 Stratojet. In service: from 1951 to 1969. Bombload capacity: 25,000 lb (11,000 kg). Range: 4,647 miles (7,478 kg). Engines: 6 General Electric turbojets. Manufacturer: Boeing.

B-50 Superfortress. A B-29 update, with longer range and more bombload capacity as it was equipped with more powerful engines.

B-57 Canverra. In service: from 1954 to 1983. Bombload capacity: 7,300 lb (3,300 kg). Range: 2,720 miles (4,380 km). Engines: 2 turbojets. It was an American version of the English Electric Canverra.

B-52 Stratofortress. In service: from 1955 up to the present. Bombload capacity: 70,000 lb (31,500 kg). Range: 10,145 miles (16,232 km). Engines: 8. Manufacturer: Boeing.

B-66 Destroyer. Light tactical bomber introduced in 1956 and retired in 1973. It was a subsonic aircraft, which had swept wings mounted high on the fuselage (shoulder wings) and was powered by two jet engines.

B-58 Hustler. In service: from 1960 to 1970. Bombload: 19,450 lb (8,820 kg). Range: 4,700 miles (7,600 kg). Engine: 4 turbojets. Supersonic speed of Mach 2.0. Manufacturer: Convair.

B-1 Lancer. Introduced in 1974, it is still in service. It has a bombload capacity of 75,000 lb (34,000 kg) in bomb bays + 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) on six external hard points. Range: 7,455 miles (12,000 km). Engines: 4 General Electric turbofans. Manufacturer: Rockwell

Below: the B-52 Superfortress, the iconic bomber of the Cold War period


House-to-House Fighting in Syria

In the Syrian Civil War, which has been raging on for almost four years, most battles take place in cities and small towns in the form of urban combat warfare. Ferocious house to house fighting between the Syrian Army and terrorist Islamist rebels of all kind, some of them armed and trained by the CIA, others, like ISIS, are financed by Islamist groups from Saudi Arabia and other Muslim countries. The Kurdish guerrilla are the only insurgent group who fight against the terrorist Islamist groups, like ISIS. They use all type of infantry weapons, from AK-47 assault rifles to hand grenades and anti-tank rocket launchers.

Russian helicopter gunships attacking ISIS ground forces and house to house combat between Kurdish units and ISIS insurgent (video)

Advanced Tank Camouflage

The Swedish Army introduced in 2014 a new advanced tank camouflage for its Strv 122 (Leopard 2A5) main battle tank. It’s a multispectral camouflage developed by the Swedish firm Saab-Barracuda. Not only is it an effective visual camouflage, but it also protects the tank against radar, infrared, and thermal detection, giving the Strv 122 the capability to spring ambushes on enemy armoured units. This multispectral camouflage also conceal the tank from smart weapons.

Swedish New Advanced Camouflage (video)

Last Battle of WW2 in Europe

The last battle of World War II in Europe was the Battle of Berlin, which took place in the capital of the Third Reich, Germany. Not only was it the last military engagement in the European theater, but it was also one of the most ferociously fought battle of World War II. It was fought between the Soviet 3rd, 5th Shock Armies, the Soviet 1st and 8th Guards Armies and what was left of the German 9th Army, III Panzer Army, and Waffen-SS units, from April 16 to May 2, 1945.

Colour Footage of the Third Reich’s Final Battle

Convair B-36 Peacemaker

The B-36 Peacemaker was a US Air Force’s long-range bomber used during the Cold War by the US Strategic Air Command. Developed by the firm Convair, it made its first flight as a prototype in August 1946, being introduced in 1949 and phased out in 1959. Despite the Korean War, the Peacemaker never saw combat action; instead it was utilized as a deterrence bomber, for its capacity to deliver nuclear bombs, in the Cold War scenario. Total production was 384 bombers. The Peacemaker was the last piston-engined bomber developed in the 20th century; it would be replaced by the B-47 Stratojet and the B-52 Stratofortress.


The Convair B-36 was powered by six 28-cylinder, Pratt & Whitney R-4360 Wasp Major radial engines, which generated 3,800 horsepower each (total of 22,800 hp). It had shoulder wing, retractable landing gear, and an all-metal fuselage. It had the longest wingspan and the largest wing area of all the military aircraft ever produced in the United States, allowing this aircraft to fly at cruising altitudes higher than 40,000 ft (12,000 m) and to carry more than 35,000 kg of bombs (75,000 lb).


Type: long-range strategic bomber
Wingspan: 230 ft (70.12 m)
Length: 162 ft 1 in (49.42 m)
Height: 46 ft 9 in (14.25 m)
Wing area: 4,772 square ft (443.5 m2)
Maximum speed: 418 mph (672 km/h)
Range: 10,000 miles (16,000 km)
Weapons: two 20mm automatic guns in tail turret
Bombload: up to 86,000 lb
Crew: 13

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