Roman Army Ranks (Summary)

This is a summary of the Roman Army rank hierarchy, which made the Roman Legion function as an effective war machine. The following ranks represent the hierarchical structure enforced after the Marian reforms of 107 BC. – Consul. Being elected by the Senate, he was the commander in chief of an army. There were two. […]

Media-Induced Prejudices in the Light of Historical Facts

In the following 11-point article, I expose the media-induced prejudices that are in most people’s mind and the danger that they represent as causative of present and future political and social events. 1- Did you know that Charles Manson, criminal and founder of a cult, once said, during an interview in jail while being tried, […]

Vickers Medium Tank Mk II


The Mark II was a British medium tank developed and manufactured by Vickers, being in service with the British Royal Army between 1925 and 1939. By the time World War II broke out, it was already an outdated armored vehicle. Thus, it was not fielded by the British during the Battle of France in 1940 […]

First Laser Weapon


The first laser weapon in history was deployed by the US Navy in the Persian Gulf, in November 2014, mounted on the deck of the USS Ponce (AFSB), which is an afloat forward staging base, a warship that provides support in anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare. The laser gun operates like a blow torch as it […]

Social Organization of Ancient Athens

Ancient Athens’ society was divided into three social classes: 1) The Citizens  They were those men and women born in Athens older than seventeen years of age and had to be of Greek Ionian descent. 2) The Metics, who were all free foreign residents born in the Attic penninsula, but of Greek descent, and also […]

Ancient Athens Government

At the beginning, by the 13th century BC, Athens was ruled by an absolute monarchy. Over the years, however, the noblemen put a check on the king’s authority by appointing an archon and a polemarch. The former had executive functions and held his post for life (later limited to a ten-year period), while the polemarch […]