The Type 74 is a Japanese main battle tank developed and produced by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, entering service with the Japanese Ground Self Defence Force in 1975. It replaced the Type 61 and, as for 2015, is being withdrawn from service.

Powered by a 750 hp diesel engine, the Type 74 features a 105-mm, rifled gun, which is mounted on a low-profile turret, a 120-mm-thick steel frontal armor, a hydroneumatic kneeling suspension, which had been developed for the MBT-70 tank project, and a laser range-finder. At the time it was introduced, it was an advanced tank, superior in design and power plant to the Soviet-made T-55 tank used by the North Korean and Chinese Armies, and, technologically, to the T-62, as it would be later upgraded with the addition of a passive infrared camera and a computerized fire-controlled system. Almost 900 Type 74 tanks were manufactured between 1975 and 1989.

Specifications

Type: Main Battle Tank

Length: 9.4 m

Width: 3.2 m

Height: 2.25 m

Weight: 40 tons

Power plant: one Mitsubishi 10ZF Mod 21, 10-cylinder diesel engine, developing 750 hp.

Maximum speed: 53 km/h

Range: 300 km

Type_74_tank

Type_74

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